In the solar panel, solar cells are present. The sun’s rays reach us in the form of a photon. These are energy packets. They strike the semi-conductive material present in the solar cell. Photons make the electrons activate. They become release from the semiconductor material. They will shift in one direction. This movement will be at the junction of the panel. This movement creates the current. This will be routed to the inverter. Then from there, it will get used in different ways.
CONSUMPTION OF THE SOLAR ENERGY
The solar system forms the power. This is the direct current. The inverter takes this direct current and converts it into alternating current. So that, this energy will be used in the house. Generally, the system is in connection with the electric grid. And they are also in connection with the system of electricity present in our house. The entire thing is through the major service panel of electricity. But some are through distribution panels. In the day, the Alternative current is passed into the major service panel. Then there is the use of this electricity. Lights, fans, and other electric gadgets run through this electricity. In this way, the solar panel acts. And we get the electricity for our house.
WHAT THINGS ARE THERE IN SOLAR PANELS?
A solar panel consists of solar cells. This can be monocrystaline or polycrystalline. When sunlight falls on them, they produce electricity. But these two are different from each other. Generally, monocrystalline are dark in color. But polycrystalline are dark blue. And this happens, when sunlight falls on them. Silicon is present in the polycrystalline cells. They make the wafer. The efficiency of the panel is large in the case of monocrystalline cells. They are more costly.
Nowadays many are making solar panels that contain mono as well as polycrystalline wafers. These are present in the solar cells. They can grasp a broader range of sunlight. If the space over the roof is less, then a monocrystalline panel will be needed. They have high efficiency. This will be more economical. But if the roof space is large, then you can put polycrystalline panels. Before installing you need to be very conscious about the type of panel. After seeing all the parameters, take the decision. Installation of the correct panel type can be proved to be economical and beneficial.
HOW THE EFFICIENCY OF THE SOLAR PANEL DEPEND ON THE AMOUNT OF SUNLIGHT?
Before installation of the solar panel at your home, you need to look for many factors. The selected area needs to get a good amount of sunlight. There should be no shade. No obstacles should be there. You need to make your system productive. Select the site very wisely. If the solar panel receives more sunlight, then it means more photons. More photons will strike the solar panel. Therefore, more free electrons will be there. As a result, there will be the generation of more current. This in return, will supply more current to your house.
MOUNTING OF THE SOLAR PANEL
Installation of the solar panel can occur on the roof of the home. The installer will do the installation. Installation can be done on the ground also. But generally, ground mounting is costly. This is due to the large racking structure.